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Hameed Ahmed
Javed Iqbal Farooqi
Qazi Ikramullah
Farooq Ahmad
Muhammad Nawaz
Sultan Gul
Masood ur Rehman


Objective: To find out the frequency of upper gastrointestinal pathologies as found on endoscopy in

patients presenting to Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar.

Material and Methods: This observational study was conducted in Medical A Unit, Post-Graduate

Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, from 1st September 2002 to 31st August 2006 (4 years

period). Records of upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopies performed at endoscopy unit of were analyzed.

Detailed information of the patients including serial no, name, age, gender, address, indication(s) for

endoscopy, endoscopic findings, if biopsy taken, any complication(s) if occurred, were recorded. All

patients were HBsAg and anti-HCV negative.

Results: During the study period, 1840 upper GI endoscopies were performed. Male to female ratio was

1:8 with majority of patients in the age-group of 31-40 years age-group. Most common indications for

upper HI endoscopy were dyspepsia (n=1652, 89.78%) and dysphagia (n=74, 4.03%). Endoscopy was

normal in 608 (33.05%) patients. Among the positive endoscopic findings, inflammatory lesions (gastritis,

esophagitis etc) were the most common (n=728, 39.56%), followed by peptic ulcer disease (n=148, 8.05%),

malignancies (n=128, 6.96%), erosions (n=116, 6.30%) and miscellaneous lesions (n=112, 6.08%).

Conclusion: Dyspepsia is the most common indication of upper GI endoscopy. Gastritis, esophagitis,

duodenal ulcer and upper GI malignancies are amongst the common abnormal endoscopic findings. Almost

one-third of patients have normal endoscopic findings and probably suffering from functional dyspepsia.

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How to Cite
Ahmed H, Farooqi JI, Ikramullah Q, Ahmad F, Nawaz M, Gul S, Rehman M ur. FREQUENCY OF UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL PATHOLOGIES: LOCAL PERSPECTIVE. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Aug. 12 [cited 2024 Jul. 17];20(3). Available from:
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