CASE FATALITY RATE AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN LESS THAN 5 YEARS OF AGE

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Mohammad Irshad
Mohsin Hayat
Ashfaq Ahmad
Bushra Khalil
Mohammad Hussain

Abstract

Objective: To calculate the case fatality rate and etiological factors of malnutritionin children less than 05 years of age presenting to a tertiary carehospital.

Methodology: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in the admittedpatients in the Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Lady ReadingHospital, Peshawar, during one and an half year period from January 2009 to June 2010. A total of 976 patients (aged from 0 day to 60 months, both male and female) with various diseases were recorded as samples. The frequency of different types and grades of malnutrition and important etiologicalfactors for malnutrition in these children were scrutinized. Case fatality wasalso calculated among the malnourished children.

Results: Out of 976, 294 (30.12%) were malnourished. Among these, majority(n= 195, 66.3%) were in the age range of 13-60 months, with mean age of 36.20 + 3.82 months. Many (n=157, 53.4%) were male children with male tofemale ratio of 1.14:1. majority 139 (44.28%) had grade I malnutrition. Thecommonest medical etiological factors was chronic or recurrent diarrhean=205, 69.72%), anemia (n=139, 47.27%), respiratory tract infections (n=115,39.11%); and inadequate feeding history (n=111, 37.75%). Most prominentsocial etiological factors were poverty (n=236, 80.27%), uneducated mothers(n=223, 75.85 %), more than 2 children under 5 years in family (n=136,46.25%) cases. Case fatality (mortality) rate was 40 (13.6%).

Conclusions: Majority of malnourished children are males between the age of13 to 60 months. Mass media campaign should be started for the eradicationof malnutrition in children.

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How to Cite
1.
Irshad M, Hayat M, Ahmad A, Khalil B, Hussain M. CASE FATALITY RATE AND ETIOLOGICAL FACTORS OF MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN LESS THAN 5 YEARS OF AGE. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2014 Jan. 14 [cited 2022 May 26];28(1). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1485
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Original Article
Author Biography

Mohammad Irshad

Senior Registrar Peads B unit PGMI,LRH Peshawar

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