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Wajiha Ajmal
Adil Zaki
Aliya Khan
Uzma Bashir
Naveeda .
Pashtana .
Zakia Minhas


Objective: To assess the effects of amnioinfusion for meconium stained liquor on reducing perinatal


Material and Methods: This case control study was conducted in Kalsoom Maternity hospital, Peshawar

on singleton pregnancies with cephalic presentation, >37 weeks gestation and meconium stained liquor at

admission or during labor, randomized in two groups. Group 1 (study group) received amnioinfusion

(normal saline 500mls at room temperature) over a period of 30 minutes at a rate of 10-20 mls/min. Group

2 (control group) did not receive such treatment. Fetal heart monitoring at every 10-15 minutes along with

progress of labour plotted on a partogram was recorded.

Results: Out of 82 cases, 1 breech and 2 premature were excluded so 79 were left for the study. All were

with cephalic presentation and gestation >37 weeks in 73.41% cases and postdates in 26.5% cases.

In Group 1 (n=52), 36 (69.2%) had normal vaginal delivery (NVD), 4(7.7%) had outlet forceps delivery,

12(23.1%) had vacuum vaginal delivery and cesarean section rate was 0%. Two (3.8%) newborns were

referred to nursery with 1 (1.9%) early neonatal death.

In Group 2 (n=27), 6 (22.2%) had NVD, 11(40.7%) delivered with outlet forceps, 10(37.1%) had vacuum

vaginal delivery and no cesarean section. Twelve (44.4%) babies were referred to nursery with 2 (7.4%)

early neonatal deaths.

Conclusion: Amnioinfusion is associated with improvements in perinatal outcome, particularly in settings

where facilities for fetal surveillance are limited. The technique appears to be safe, simple and economical.

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How to Cite
Ajmal W, Zaki A, Khan A, Bashir U, . N, . P, Minhas Z. IS AMNIOINFUSION EFFECTIVE ENOUGH TO REDUCE PERINATAL MORTALITY?. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Aug. 10 [cited 2024 Jun. 17];21(4). Available from:
Original Article