Main Article Content
cigarette smoking in college boys.
Methodology: Cross-sectional research design was used in this research. Purposive
sampling technique was used for data collection. Sample of total 500
(smokers = 350, non-smokers = 150) was obtained from 10 public colleges of
Lahore city. A comprehensive self-structured questionnaire which contained
items related to social, psychological and demographic information was prepare
and employed for data collection. Descriptive statistics, alpha reliability
analysis, chi-square, and logistic regression model were carried out for data
Results: Significant positive association of group pressure (Ï‡2 =14.52), modeling
(Ï‡2 =12.93), social deviance (Ï‡2 =10.70), advertisement propaganda
(Ï‡2 =05.16), fashion (Ï‡2 =14.65) and easy availability (Ï‡2 =06.33) was found
with smoking initiation in college boys. Similarly, psychological factors of curiosity
(Ï‡2 = 12.84), stress-reduction (Ï‡2 = 14.71), depression (Ï‡2 = 04.92),
PATS (Ï‡2 = 09.46) and competion with friends (Ï‡2 = 03.02) were found. Social
factors (B =.57, OR=1.62, 95% CI, 1.40-1.87, p<.001), psychological factors
(B =.21, OR=1.45, 95% CI, 1.02-1.70, p<.05), and demographic factors of father's
smoking behavior (B =.39, OR=1.51, 95% CI, 1.30-2.10, p<.01), friend
who smoke (B =.58, OR=2.89, 95% CI, 1.45-3.72, p<.001), and monthly pocket
money (B =.48, OR=1.55, 95% CI, 1.08-2.12, p<.001) were found.
Conclusion: Social, psychological and demographic variables are significantly
associated with smoking behavior in college boys.
Work published in JPMI is licensed under a
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.