IDENTIFYING SOCIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS LEADING TO SMOKING INITIATION IN COLLEGE BOYS

Main Article Content

Mamoona Mushtaq
Asra Butt

Abstract

Objectives: To identify social, psychological and demographic risk factors of
cigarette smoking in college boys.
Methodology: Cross-sectional research design was used in this research. Purposive
sampling technique was used for data collection. Sample of total 500
(smokers = 350, non-smokers = 150) was obtained from 10 public colleges of
Lahore city. A comprehensive self-structured questionnaire which contained
items related to social, psychological and demographic information was prepare
and employed for data collection. Descriptive statistics, alpha reliability
analysis, chi-square, and logistic regression model were carried out for data
analyses.
Results: Significant positive association of group pressure (χ2 =14.52), modeling
(χ2 =12.93), social deviance (χ2 =10.70), advertisement propaganda
(χ2 =05.16), fashion (χ2 =14.65) and easy availability (χ2 =06.33) was found
with smoking initiation in college boys. Similarly, psychological factors of curiosity
(χ2 = 12.84), stress-reduction (χ2 = 14.71), depression (χ2 = 04.92),
PATS (χ2 = 09.46) and competion with friends (χ2 = 03.02) were found. Social
factors (B =.57, OR=1.62, 95% CI, 1.40-1.87, p<.001), psychological factors
(B =.21, OR=1.45, 95% CI, 1.02-1.70, p<.05), and demographic factors of father's
smoking behavior (B =.39, OR=1.51, 95% CI, 1.30-2.10, p<.01), friend
who smoke (B =.58, OR=2.89, 95% CI, 1.45-3.72, p<.001), and monthly pocket
money (B =.48, OR=1.55, 95% CI, 1.08-2.12, p<.001) were found.
Conclusion: Social, psychological and demographic variables are significantly
associated with smoking behavior in college boys.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Mushtaq M, Butt A. IDENTIFYING SOCIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS LEADING TO SMOKING INITIATION IN COLLEGE BOYS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2016 Nov. 26 [cited 2023 Jan. 29];30(4). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1910
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Mamoona Mushtaq, Govt. MAO College, Lahore, Pakistan

Professor of Psychology, Department of pplied Psychology, Govt. MAO College, Lahore, Pakistan

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