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vera gel on sodium and water retention in rats with indomethacin and control.
Methodology: This randomized controlled trial was conducted at Post Graduate
Medical Institute, Lahore in which thirty male Sprague Dawley rats were
divided in to five groups. First group was control (CTL), second was given indomethacin 3 mg/kg (INDO) while groups AVL, AVM, and AVH were given 200,
400 and 800 mg/kg doses of Aloe vera gel extract orally for a period of 28 days.
Body weight, blood haematocrit level, total sodium excretion and serum sodium
and potassium concentrations were measured. SPSS version 17 was used
for data analysis.
Results: Comparison of treatment groups with control at end of study showed
significant weight gain in group INDO and AVH (p value <0.001). INDO and
AVH groups also showed a significant decrease in total sodium excretion (p value
0.001 and 0.015). The mean haematocrit decreased insignificantly in groups
INDO and AVH, while serum sodium level increased insignificantly in group
INDO. Highest serum potassium level was observed in group INDO (p value
0.001) and the lowest was found in group AVH but difference was not significant
as compared to control.
Conclusion: High dose of aloe vera gel extract causes significant sodium and
water retention in healthy rats, which was still less than that of indomethacin.
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