CAUSES OF INTRA UTERINE FOETAL DEATH

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Shagufta Shaheen
Shahnaz Akhtar

Abstract

Objective: To

find out the frequency and causes of intra uterine foetal death and associated congenital

anomalies.

Material and Methods: This prospective study was conducted at department of Obstetric and

Gynecology, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar from 1

st  January 1997 to December 1997. In this study death of the foetus in-utero after 28 weeks of pregnancy was taken and death of the foetus during labour

was excluded.

Results: During the time period the total number of deliveries was 3220 and the total number of patients

with intra-uterine foetal death was 302 (9.37%). Among 302 cases there were 296 singleton pregnancies

(98.01%), while six (1.98%) were multiple gestation pregnancies with both the foetuses dead. The most

common cause of intrauterine foetal death was antepartum hemorrhage (APH) in 72 cases (23.84%)

followed by preeclampsia in 29 (9.60%) cases, eclampsia in 16 (6.29%) cases, diabetes in 45 (14.90%)

cases, congenital anomaly in 60 (19.86%) cases, infections in 42 (13.90%) cases, cord prolapse in 10

(1.31%) cases, Rh-incompatibility in 8 cases (2.64%), and no cause was found in 20 cases. Most common

congenital anomalies were anencephaly (10.26 %) and hydrocephalus (4.30 %).

Conclusion: Advanced maternal age and multigravidity was associated with increase risk of intra-uterine foetal death. Higher incidence of APH, Pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, diabetes and congenital anomalies showed lack of antenatal care. Antenatal care is by far the most important step in the prevention of intrauterine foetal death.

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How to Cite
1.
Shaheen S, Akhtar S. CAUSES OF INTRA UTERINE FOETAL DEATH. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Aug. 12 [cited 2022 Jul. 6];20(3). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/221
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Original Article

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