Main Article Content

Sabih Ahmad
Sadiq Hussain
Tayyeba Tayyeba Kiran
Anum Naz



Objective: To find out the frequency of and compare anxiety and depression in epileptic and non-epileptic matched individuals.

Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan including 200 epilepsy patients, visiting the department of medicine and psychiatry for follow-up. The second group consisted of 200 epilepsy free healthy matched individuals. Hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS) was administered to assess participants’ anxiety and depression. Means, frequencies, and Chi-square were applied to analyze the collected data.

Results: Epilepsy patients were more likely to have depression (x2 = 33.56, p<.001) and anxiety (x2 = 55.96, p<.001) as compared to the control group. Anxiety symptoms were found in 42%, while depression in 34% of the patients. This was further distributed into mild, moderate and severe symptoms. Being unmarried, belonging to a particular age group, full time employment and a lower educational level were related with the anxiety symptoms while particular age group, lower educational level and full time employment with symptoms of depression.

Conclusion: The Generalized Tonic and Colonic Seizures (GTCS) epilepsy population has a significantly higher rate of comorbid anxiety and depression symptomatology.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmad S, Hussain S, Tayyeba Kiran T, Naz A. LEST WE MISS IT: ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION SYMPTOMS IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH GENERALIZED TONIC CLONIC SEIZURES IN PAKISTAN. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 30 [cited 2022 May 21];35(3):152-6. Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2819
Original Article
Author Biography

Sabih Ahmad, Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian Cantt-Pakistan.

Department of Psychiatry

Associate Professor

Head of Department


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