FREQUENCY OF LUNG CANCER DIAGNOSED BRONCHOSCOPICALLY IN A TERTIARY CARE CHEST FACILITY
Main Article Content
To evaluate various types of lung malignancies diagnosed through bronchoscopy, and their
This descriptive study was based in a tertiary care chest facility in Peshawar. Duration of
the study was from June 2005 - June 2009. The material was obtained from the bronchoscopy record in the
chest clinic. All the patients bronchoscoped from June 2005 – June 2009 were studied for their outcome.
This study included 425 patients, 306 (72%) were males and 235 (55.3%) of patients were between
31-60 years age. Ninety two (21.6%) patients were diagnosed with lung cancer; of which 73 (79.5%)
patients were males and 19 (20.5%) were females. Sixty five (70.7%) of the 92 patients initially presented
with shadow on the Chest radiograph, 9 (9.80%) patients had superior vena caval obstruction, 8 (8.70%)
patients presented with lung collapse, 6 (6.52%) with haemoptysis, and 4 (4.35%) patients with hoarseness
of voice. Forty three (46.7%) patients were diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma, 29 (31.5%) with
adenocarcinoma, 17 (18.5%) with small cell type carcinoma and 3 (3.30%) patients had large cell type
carcinoma. Fifty four (58.7%) patients of the 92 were smokers or had a history of smoking, Anthracosis
was found in 45 (10.6%) patients out of all the 425 patients.
Commonest type of lung cancer in this study was squamous cell (46.7%) followed by
adenocarcinoma (31.5%) and small cell carcinoma (18.5%). Squamous cell carcinoma was strongly
associated with cigerrete smoking as compared to adenocarcinoma in this study.
Work published in JPMI is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic License.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.