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Mumtaz Ali
Raza Aman
Zahid Khan
Khalid Mahmood Khan
Muhammad Siddique
Khalid Khanzada
Shahid Ayub
Muhammad Pervez


Objective: To analyze ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VP shunt) failure cases in hydrocephalic patients, in a

tertiary care hospital.

Methodology: This descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Neurosurgery Lady Reading

Hospital Peshawar, from June 2009 to May 2010 (one year).The medical record of all cases operated in

last one year was checked from record room. Documentation was done according to proforma designed

indicating age, sex, clinical features, investigations with findings on X-rays, CT and MRI and per operative

findings. Complications related to upper end, lower end and shunt track were noted. Data was analyzed to

assess the causes for shunt failure in hydrocephalus patients.

Results: A total of 56 patients were included in this study. There were 43 children and 13 adults. Among

children, 26 were males and 17 were females while in adults, 5 were males and 8 were females. Out of

these, 28 patients were having blocked shunt, 20 cases with infected shunt, 6 patients had eroded and 2

patients displaced shunt.

Conclusion: Although shunt surgery is a common procedure performed for hydrocephalus, different

complications were associated in our study where shunt failure was mainly due to shunt dysfunction,

infection or breakage of shunt system. Complications were more with upper end. Infection was common in

pediatric age group.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ali M, Aman R, Khan Z, Khan KM, Siddique M, Khanzada K, Ayub S, Pervez M. FREQUENCY OF CAUSES OF VENTRICULO-PERITONEAL SHUNT FAILURE IN HYDROCEPHALUS PATIENTS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2011 Dec. 5 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];25(4). Available from:
Original Article

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