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Objective: To analyze ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VP shunt) failure cases in hydrocephalic patients, in a
tertiary care hospital.
Methodology: This descriptive study was carried out in the Department of Neurosurgery Lady Reading
Hospital Peshawar, from June 2009 to May 2010 (one year).The medical record of all cases operated in
last one year was checked from record room. Documentation was done according to proforma designed
indicating age, sex, clinical features, investigations with findings on X-rays, CT and MRI and per operative
findings. Complications related to upper end, lower end and shunt track were noted. Data was analyzed to
assess the causes for shunt failure in hydrocephalus patients.
Results: A total of 56 patients were included in this study. There were 43 children and 13 adults. Among
children, 26 were males and 17 were females while in adults, 5 were males and 8 were females. Out of
these, 28 patients were having blocked shunt, 20 cases with infected shunt, 6 patients had eroded and 2
patients displaced shunt.
Conclusion: Although shunt surgery is a common procedure performed for hydrocephalus, different
complications were associated in our study where shunt failure was mainly due to shunt dysfunction,
infection or breakage of shunt system. Complications were more with upper end. Infection was common in
pediatric age group.
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