THE EFFECT OF QUININE ON QT INTERVAL IN PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.

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Mohammad Humayun
Iqbal Haider
Aliena Badshah

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the frequency of patients developing QT prolongation with the use of intravenous(IV) quinine therapy in medical unit D of Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar.Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Medical unit D of Khyber Teaching Hospital,Peshawar, from 1st June, 2011 to 30th November, 2011. The study population comprised of male and femalepatients who tested positive for malarial parasite on peripheral blood smear. Treatment was started withintravenous quinine for a minimum duration of 3 days to a maximum duration of 5 days.Electrocardiography (ECG) was done before starting the patients on IV quinine therapy and QT intervalwas calculated. Repeat ECG was done 72 hours after starting the therapy. Patients were evaluated forprolongation of the QT interval after initiation of treatment with quinine. All the statistical analyses weredone using statistical program SPSS version 17.0. The mean with standard deviation, frequency andpercentages were reported. Significance was tested at p<0.05.Results: Out of a total of 200 patients, only 2 female patients (1%) had a prolongation of the QT intervalfrom their normal baseline interval before treatment. It appears that the cardiotoxic effects of quinine havebeen overstated and that the risk of QT prolongation and fatal arrhythmias is minimal with quininetherapy.Conclusions: It can thus be concluded that quinine is a safe drug for the treatment of malaria withnegligible cardiotoxic adverse effect profile.

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How to Cite
1.
Humayun M, Haider I, Badshah A. THE EFFECT OF QUININE ON QT INTERVAL IN PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2012 Dec. 17 [cited 2022 May 28];27(1). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1240
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Original Article
Author Biographies

Mohammad Humayun, KHYBER TEACHING HOSPITAL PESHAWAR

PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE Medical D Unit Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

Iqbal Haider, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar

Senior Registrar Medicine,

Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

Aliena Badshah, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

Senior House Officer, Medical D Unit, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

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