RESISTANCE AND SENSITIVITY PATTERN OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS; A STUDY IN LADY READING HOSPITAL PESHAWAR (Retracted)

Main Article Content

Mohammad Naeem
Muhammad Adil
Syeda Maria Naz
Syed Hussain Abbas
Muhammad Zia ul Islam Khan
Ayasha Khan
Muhammad Usman Khan

Abstract

Objective

This study was done to determine the sensitivity and resistance pattern to the most commonantibiotics in use.

Methodology

The data for this retrospective study was obtained and analysed from October 2010 toOctober 2011 in Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar. Purposive sampling and univariate analysis was done.2058 samples were cultured for sensitivity using Kirby Bauer's Diffusion technique and in a period of oneyear, growth of Staphylococcus aureus was obtained in 723 samples. These 723 growths were obtainedfrom clinical isolates of pus (699), blood (16) and urine (8). Fourteen drugs from five different classes ofantibiotics were tested for sensitivity against Staphylococcus aureus.

Results

Most of the growth was obtained from pus (96.7%). Resistance was high to all groups ofantibiotics except glycopeptides. There was no case of Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus(VRSA). Out of 723 samples, 228 (31.5%) were Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Theresistance to a representative antibiotic of each group is as follows: Ciprofloxacin (Fluoroquinolone)51.7%, Cephradine (Cephalosporin) 46.2%, Amoxicillin+Clavulanic Acid (Penicillin group) 45.6%,Imipenem+Cilastatin Sodium (Carbapenem) 42.0% and Teicoplanin (Glycopeptide) 19.8%.

Conclusion

Resistance of Staphylococcus aureus to Teicoplanin and most of the antibiotics is high andstrict guidelines are required to control unnecessary prescriptions and over the counter sale of antibiotics.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Naeem M, Adil M, Naz SM, Abbas SH, Khan MZ ul I, Khan A, Khan MU. RESISTANCE AND SENSITIVITY PATTERN OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS; A STUDY IN LADY READING HOSPITAL PESHAWAR (Retracted). J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2012 Dec. 17 [cited 2022 Jan. 22];27(1). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1245
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Original Article
Author Biographies

Mohammad Naeem, Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Assistant Professor

Department of Community Medicine

Muhammad Adil, Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Student, Final Year MBBS

Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Syeda Maria Naz, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar

H.O. Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar

Syed Hussain Abbas, Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Student, Final Year MBBS

Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Muhammad Zia ul Islam Khan, Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Student, Final Year MBBS

Khyber Medical College Peshawar

Ayasha Khan, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar

H.O. Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar

Muhammad Usman Khan, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar

H.O. Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar

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