Frequency of smear positive precancerous cervical lesions in patients attending outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital

Main Article Content

Samina Aliya Sabir
Lubna Hassan
Iqbal Hussain

Abstract

Objective: To find out the frequency of precancerous cervical lesions by doing Pap smear.

Methodology: It was a descriptive study conducted by Pakistan Medical and Research Council in outpatientdepartment of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar from 1st July 2007to 3oth June 2008. Four hundred and fifty patients all married, sexually active, between 20 and 60 yearsof age were included in the study. Those who were menstruating or with a suspicious looking cervix, ahistory of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN), Carcinoma of the Cervix, Ovary or Endometrium orpregnancy were excluded from the study. A detailed history and examination was done and a Proformawas filled. Pap smear was done in the outpatient department and was sent to cytologist for reporting.Data was analyzed by SPSS version 13.

Results: The Pap smear result showed inflammatory smear in 112 (24.88%) cases, 248 (55.11%) cases hada normal smear, 85 (18.88%) reported to be inadequate. Low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion wasreported in 5 (1.11%) cases and none of these cases on colposcopic guided punch biopsy had CIN.

Conclusion: The most frequent abnormality found in Pap smear study was infective bacillary background.The frequency of premalignant lesion was found to be very low in this largest study conducted in KPK.More studies are needed to confirm this finding in this ethnic population.

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How to Cite
1.
Sabir SA, Hassan L, Hussain I. Frequency of smear positive precancerous cervical lesions in patients attending outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2013 Oct. 7 [cited 2022 May 28];27(4). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1413
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Original Article
Author Biography

Samina Aliya Sabir

Senior Registrar, Gynae.

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