Effect of smoking on nausea, vomiting and pain in the post-operative period

Main Article Content

Kulsoom Farhat
Akbar Waheed
Anwar Kamal Pasha
Javeid Iqbal
Qaisar Mansoor

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of smoking on the post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) as well as severity of pain in the post-operative period.

Methodology: A total of 147 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia were divided into 2 groups of non-smokers (n=75) and smokers (n=72). In the first 24 hours after surgery the frequency of PONV and the severity of pain on Visual Analogue Score were assessed.

Results: The group of non-smokers had statistically more nausea and vomiting (n=59, 78.6%) as compared to that of smokers (n=20, 27.7%) [p<0.05]. However there was no significant difference in the maximum pain scores in both the groups (p>0.05).

Conclusion: We conclude that frequency of PONV is less in smokers as compared to non-smokers.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Farhat K, Waheed A, Pasha AK, Iqbal J, Mansoor Q. Effect of smoking on nausea, vomiting and pain in the post-operative period. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2014 Jul. 25 [cited 2022 Jul. 7];28(3). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/1621
Section
Original Article
Author Biography

Kulsoom Farhat, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi

Dr Kulsoom Farhat, Assist Prof, Army Medical college