NURSES’ SHORTAGE AND CHALLENGES DURING INTERNSHIP: AN EMERGING ISSUE

Main Article Content

Israr Ahmad
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0882-1765
Asmat Shaheen
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4199-1886

Abstract

Nurses’ contribution to the health care system is remarkable and as health care professionals they are doing more than their capacity within the limited resources as well as lack of facilitation. Their demand has been increased in the last decade due to the gross increase in the population of the world. The advancement in science and tech­nology, high morbidity and mortality along shortage of nurses are affecting the internship process among nursing graduates. Certain challenges such as shortage of nurses, lack of rewards and job satisfaction, high turnover, and compromised competencies can be seen among nursing graduates. However, they still use some coping strategies to overcome these issues. Furthermore, proper internship programs and policies related to these problems may be helpful at the individual or organizational level depending upon the nature of the problem. In addition, a well-or­ganized leadership may play a positive role in this regard.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Ahmad I, Shaheen A. NURSES’ SHORTAGE AND CHALLENGES DURING INTERNSHIP: AN EMERGING ISSUE. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 31 [cited 2022 Aug. 10];35(4):197-201. Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2829
Section
Review Article

References

Drennan VM, Ross F. Global Nurse Shortages The Facts, the Impact and Action for Change. Vol. 130, British Med Bul. 2019. p. 25–37.

Karami A, Farokhzadian J, For¬oughameri G. Nurses ’ Professional Competency and Organizational Com¬mitment : Is it Important for Human Resource Management ? Plus one J. 2017;12(11):1–15.

National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice. Eighth Annual Report To the Secretary of the US De¬partment of Health and Human Services and the US Congress:Addressing New Challenges Facing Nursing Education: Solutions for a Transforming Healthcare Environment. 2010.

Khowaja AA, Rafiq N, Rabi F, Merchant N, Rafiq N, Zulfiqar S. Turnover Propen¬sity among Nurses in Pakistan : Over¬view and Management. Iris J Nurs Care. 2019; 1(2):2–5.

Cheng C, Tsai H, Chang C, Liou S. New Graduate Nurses ’ Clinical Competence, Clinical Stress, and Intention to Leave : A Longitudinal Study in Taiwan. Sci World J. 2014;1–9.

Ather S. Factors Influencing Job Satis¬faction Of Nurses In Public And Private Sector’S Hospitals : A Cross-Sectional Study Factors Influencing Job Satis¬faction Of Nurses In Public And Private Sector ’ S Hospitals : A Cross-Sec¬tional Study. Pak J Pub Health. 2018; 8(3):147–51.

Edwards-Dandridge YM. Work Engage¬ment, Job Satisfaction, and Nurse Turn¬over Intention. 2019.

Gaundan D, Mohammadnezhad M. In¬tern-Nurses’ Perception on Transition at Labasa Hospital , Fiji : A Qualita¬tive Study. J Nurs Health Stud. 2018; 3(1:2):1–6.

Benson K. Effects of Supervisors ’ Com¬munication Styles on Interns ’ Satisfac¬tion and Learning. 2013. p. 10.

Hou Y. Avoiding the Gap of College Stu¬dents’ Internship Expectations and Per¬ceptions, A Case Study in Taiwan. Open J Nurs. 2018; 8:531–51.

Hussein R, Everett B, Ramjan LM, Hu W, Salamonson Y. New Graduate Nurses ’ Experiences in a Clinical Specialty : A Follow up Study of Newcomer Percep¬tions of Transitional Support. BMC Nurs. 2017; 16(42):1–9.

Wing S, Wong J. Challenges of Fresh Nursing Graduates during their Transi¬tion Period. J Nurs Educ Pract. 2018; 8(6):2–10.

Dube MB, Mlotshwa PR, Africa S, Dube M. Factors influencing enrolled nursing students ’ academic performance at a selected private nursing education institution in KwaZulu-Natal. AOSIS. 2017;1–7.

Labrague LJ, Mcenroe DM, Tsaras K, Cruz JP, Colet PC, Gloe DS. Inter¬national Journal of Nursing Scienc¬es Organizational commitment and turnover intention among rural nurses in the Philippines : Implicationsfor¬nursingmanagement.Int J Nurs Sci. 2018; 5(4):4038. doi.org/10.1016/j. ijnss.2018.09.001

Rn AB, Burzy J, Mar M. A Theoretical Critique of an Issue Related to Policy A Nursing Shortage – A Prospect of Glob¬al and local Policies. Int Nurs Rev. 2019; 66:9-16.

Maria J, Ajani K, Mithani Y. Conceptual¬ization and operationalization of a bac¬calaureate nursing curriculum in Paki¬stan : Challenges ; hurdles and lessons learnt. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 2(2):2335–7.

Khan N, Jackson D, Stayt L, Walthall H. Factors Influencing Nurses’ Inten¬tions to leave Ault Critical Care Set¬tings. Br Assoc Crit Care Nurses. 2018; 24(1):24–32.

Review IN, Burzy J. A nursing shortage , A prospect of Global and Local Policies. Int Coun Nurs. 2018;1-9.

Patrice, Molly Kreider Viscardi MDM. Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction of New Graduate Nurses Participating in Nurse Residency Programs:A System¬atic Review. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2015; 45(10):43952.

Linda Hofler KT. Transition Shock of New Graduate Nurses to the Workforce: Challenges and Solutions in the Chang¬ing Health Care Environment. N C Med. 2013; 22(2):17.

Hamid S, Kanwal R, Bajwa MH, Khalid S, Mubarak H. Ethical Issues Faced by Nurses during Nursing Practice in Dis¬trict Layyah , Pakistan. Div Equal Health Care. 2016; 13(4):302–8.

Park M, Lee JY, Cho SH. Newly Graduated Nurses’ Job Satisfaction: Compar¬ison With Allied Hospital Professionals, Social Workers, And Elementary School Teachers. Asian Nurs Res. 2012; 6(3):8590.

Mazhar SB, Majeed A. Job Satisfac¬tion In Nurses Working In Tertiary Lev¬el Health Care Settings Of Islamabad , Pakistan. Ayub Med Coll J. 2011; 23(3):130–3.

Scientific A, Sciences M. Job Satisfac¬tion Among Yemeni Nurses Working in Mukalla Governmental and Private Hos¬pitals. Acta Sci Med J. 2019; 3(2):113– 9.

Merkin RS, Shah MK. The impact of sexual harassment on job satisfaction , turnover intentions , and absenteeism : findings from Pakistan compared to the United States. SpringerPlus. 2014; 3(215):1–13.

Id SN, Kuo S, Tsai H, Kao C, Traynor V, Chou K. Prevalence of Workplace Vio¬lent Episodes Experienced by Nurses in Acute Psychiatric Settings. PLOS ONE. 2019. p. 113.

da Silva DGV, de Souza S da S, Trenti¬ni M, Bonetti A, Mattosinho MMS. The Challenges Coped by the Novice in Nursing Practice. Rev da Esc Enferm. 2010; 44(2):511–6.

Kathy C, Regina F, Mary K, Jennifer P. The Graduate Nurse Experience. J Nurs Adm. 2004; 34(6):30311.

Dewanto A, Wardhani V. Nurse Turnover and Perceived Causes and Conse¬quences : A Preliminary Study at Pri¬vate Hospitals in Indonesia. BMC Nurs. 2018;17(52):1–7.

Study AQD. Supporting the Struggling Nursing Student in Clinical Practice: A Qual Desc Stud. 2017.

Nied AM. New Nurse Residency - An Evidence Based Approach. University of North Florida; 2009.

Graan AC Van, Williams MJS, Koen MP. ScienceDirect Professional Nurses ’ Un¬derstanding of Clinical Judgement : A Contextual Inquiry. Heal SA Gesondheid. 2016;21:280–93.

Sahir A, Afzal M, Hussain M, Gillani SA. The Impact of Stress on Competency Among Nursing Students in Lahore , The Impact of Stress on Competen¬cy Among Nursing Students in Lahore , Pakistan. J Adv Educ Phil. 2019; 3(5):200–3.

Kavanagh JM, Szweda C. A Crisis in Competency : The Strategic and Ethical Imperative to Assessing New Graduate Nurses’Clinical Reasoning. Nurs Educ Perspect. 2017; 38(2):57–62.

Clouse K, Hines R, Kraynek M. A New Concept for Nursing Orientation. Lippin¬cott Williams & Wilkins.; 2011.

Sajadi M, Rafii F, Naserisalahshour V, Seyedfatemi N. Coping Strategies of Newly Graduated Nurses ( NGNs ) in the First Year of Clinical Practice : A Grounded Theory Study. Shiraz E-Medi¬cal J. 2018; 19(5):12.

Yasmin S, Hussain M, Parveen K, Gi¬lani SA, Yasmin S. Coping Strategies of Nursing Student against Academic and Clinical Stress at Public Sector Lahore. Int J Soc Sci Manag. 2018;5(3):209– 18.