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To study the effects of pregnancy on the disease activity in ulcerative colitis.
This experimental study was conducted at department of Medicine at Sultan Qaboos
University Hospital Oman from July 2002 to December 2004. A total 60 diagnosed cases of ulcerative
colitis proven on colonoscopy and biopsy and fairly well controlled disease at the time of enrollment were
included in the study. Those who conceived and delivered during the study period were inducted as
experimental group (total 30 patients), and those who did not conceive during the study period were
inducted as control group (total 30 patients).
Out of total 60 patients, 30 patients who were included in the study group, 24 remained well with
mild exacerbation requiring only increased dose of mesalamine, four patients had moderate disease
exacerbation requiring oral steroids along with mesalamine. Two patients had severe exacerbation that was
controlled on parental steroids. Among control group, 25 had mild exacerbation, 4 had moderate
exacerbation and 1 had severe exacerbation during the study period. The eventual out come was good in
It is thus concluded that a planned pregnancy when the disease is well controlled minimizes
the risk of complications in patients of ulcerative colitis and also has got favorable outcome of pregnancy.
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