STATUS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY AND ITS PRESENTATION PATTERNS IN DIABETICS AT OPHTHALOMOGY CLINICS

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Sanaullah Jan
Imran Ahmad
Samina Karim
Zakir Hussain
Mubashir Rehman
Mir Ali Shah

Abstract

Objective: To determine the status of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) and reasons for presentation at the time of initial ophthalmological examination of diabetic individuals.

Methodology: It was a descriptive study performed at the Department of Oph- thalmology, Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar and at Saeed Anwar Medi- cal Center, Dabgari Garden Peshawar from July 2014 to June 2015. All diabetics (both type 1& 2), who presented for the first time to ophthalmologist were included in our study. Diabetic retinopathy was classified according to Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) classification as mild, moderate, severe and very severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) and prolif- erative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). Patients with vitreous hemorrhage, rubeosis iridis, neovascular glaucoma or tractional retinal detachment were classified as having advanced diabetic eye disease (ADED).

Results: A total of 360 eyes of 180 diabetic patients were included in the study. At presentation, 13.05 % of eyes had mild NPDR, 23.62% had moderate NPDR, 8.80% had severe NPDR, 3.12 % had very severe NPDR, 16.68 % had PDR and 3.34 % had ADED.

Conclusion: Majority of diabetic patients had some form of diabetic retinopa- thy at the time of presentation to the ophthalmologists.

 

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How to Cite
1.
Jan S, Ahmad I, Karim S, Hussain Z, Rehman M, Ali Shah M. STATUS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY AND ITS PRESENTATION PATTERNS IN DIABETICS AT OPHTHALOMOGY CLINICS. J Postgrad Med Inst [Internet]. 2018 Mar. 23 [cited 2023 Jan. 29];32(1). Available from: https://www.jpmi.org.pk/index.php/jpmi/article/view/2143
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Original Article
Author Biography

Mubashir Rehman

Assistant Professor department of ophthalmology, Qazi Hussain Ahmad Medical Complex, Nowshera.

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