KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS ABOUT SCHIZOPHRENIA USING A VIGNETTE
Objective: To assess the knowledge and concepts of the patients with schizophrenia about their illness by using a vignette.
Methodology: This study was conducted at Department of Psychiatry, Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar, from February to April 2015. One hundred and three patients with schizophrenia were included in the study through purposive sampling. A vignette describing the typical symptoms of the disorder was used to assess the knowledge of the patients. The patients were then asked five questions based on the vignette. Their responses were noted in verbatim form. Qualitative data obtained from the scale was analyzed through content analysis.
Results: The mean age of the sample was 30.5 ± 9.4 years. Out of 103, 80 (77.7%) were males, 56 (54.4%) were unmarried and 78 (75.7%) patients were illiterate. Only 8 (7.8%) patients correctly answered the question on identifying the mental illness, 49 (47.6%) patients took it as an illness and 37 (35.9%) patients considered going to the doctor/hospital for treatment.
Conclusion: Based on our study, it can be concluded that the patients in our setup have little knowledge about schizophrenia, though they take it as an illness and prefer medical treatment.
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